The Importance of Advance Tax Payments for Individuals and Companies.
Advance tax payments play a crucial role in the taxation process for individuals and companies. This article will delve into the significance of advance tax payments, how they are calculated, and the benefits they offer. Understanding and fulfilling advance tax obligations are essential for avoiding penalties and ensuring a smooth financial flow throughout the year.
What is Advance Tax Payment?
Advance tax payment refers to a partial amount of an individual’s or company’s total tax liability, made in advance based on the deadlines set by the Income Tax authorities. It allows the government to estimate the expected tax collection by the end of the fiscal year and better manage the economy’s profits and income levels.
Why is Advance Tax Important?
Advance tax payments are essential for several reasons. First and foremost, they prevent penalties and interest charges for non-payment or late payment of taxes. By paying advance tax, individuals and companies can manage their cash flows more effectively and avoid the burden of significant tax liability at the end of the year. Additionally, timely advance tax payments help individuals and businesses maintain compliance with the tax department, minimizing the risk of default notices.
Benefits of Paying Advance Tax
Paying advance tax on time offers several benefits, including:
- Avoidance of interest and penalty charges: By meeting the deadlines for advance tax payments, taxpayers can avoid additional charges and penalties.
- Better cash flow management: Making periodic advance tax payments throughout the year helps individuals and companies maintain a more balanced and manageable cash flow.
- Avoidance of last-minute rush and stress: Paying advance tax promptly eliminates the need for rushed financial arrangements and minimizes stress during the tax filing period.
- Avoidance of default notice by the tax department: Complying with advance tax payment deadlines ensures that individuals and businesses do not receive default notices from the tax department, avoiding potential legal complications.
When Should You File Advance Tax?
There are four due dates for advance tax payments during the financial year: June 15th, September 15th, December 15th, and March 15th. Individuals, self-employed professionals, freelancers, and businesses with a tax liability exceeding ₹10,000 must pay advance tax.
How to Calculate Advance Tax Payment for FY 2023-24?
Introduction: As a responsible taxpayer, it is essential to understand how to calculate and make advance tax payments for the financial year 2023-24. Advance tax is a method of paying taxes in installments throughout the year rather than waiting until the end. This article will guide you through calculating advance tax payments to ensure compliance with tax regulations and avoid any penalties.
Step 1: Estimate Your Income. To calculate your advance tax liability, estimate your total income for the financial year 2023-24. Consider all sources of income, including salary, business profits, rental income, capital gains, and any other taxable income.
Step 2: Deduct Allowable Deductions Once you have determined your total income, deduct any allowable deductions as per the tax laws. These deductions may include business-related expenses, investments, education, healthcare, and other eligible speculations that can reduce your taxable income.
Step 3: Calculate Taxable Income. After deducting the allowable deductions, you will arrive at your taxable income. This is the amount on which you will calculate your advance tax liability.
Step 4: Refer to Tax Slabs and Rates. The next step is to refer to the prevailing tax slabs and rates for the financial year 2023-24. The income tax rates may vary based on different income brackets. Ensure you have the latest tax slabs and rates information to calculate your advance tax liability accurately.
Step 5: Apply the Tax Rates Based on your taxable income, apply the corresponding tax rates to calculate the tax payable. Different income brackets have different tax rates, and applying the correct rate is crucial to avoid errors.
Step 6: Factor in Tax Credits and TDS Consider any tax credits or tax deducted at source (TDS) applicable to you. Tax credits can reduce your tax liability, while TDS represents taxes already deducted by your employer or other deductors. Subtract any tax credits and TDS from the tax payable calculated in the previous step.
Step 7: Calculate Advance Tax Installments. Divide the remaining tax liability after accounting for tax credits and TDS into four equal installments. The tax authorities typically mention these installments’ due dates and should be strictly adhered to.
Step 8: Make Timely Payments. Ensure you make the advance tax payments on or before the specified due dates. Delayed payments may attract interest or penalties, so staying updated with the payment schedule and fulfilling your obligations as a taxpayer is crucial.
To calculate advance tax payments, taxpayers need to estimate their annual income and determine their tax liability using the applicable tax slabs. The advance tax must be paid according to the following schedule:
- 15% of the tax liability by June 15th
- 45% of the tax liability by September 15th
- 75% of the tax liability by December 15th
- 100% of the tax liability by March 15th
Example of Paying Advance Tax in Instalments:
Let’s consider an example to understand better how advance tax is paid in installments. Suppose Mr. X has an estimated income of Rs. 1,00,000 for the financial year 2023-24; the total tax on this income amounts to Rs. 20,000. Since the tax liability is more than Rs. 10,000, Mr. X is required to pay advance tax.
The Advance Tax Is Paid in Instalments According to The Following Schedule:
- 1st instalment by 15th June 2023 (15% of 20,000) = Rs. 3,000
- 2nd instalment by 15th Sept 2023 (45% of 20,000) = Rs. 6,000
- 3rd instalment by 15th Dec 2023 (75% of 20,000) = Rs. 6,000
- 4th instalment by 15th March 2024 (100% of 20,000) = Rs. 5,000
Mr. X would be required to make these payments to the income tax department on or before the specified dates.
How to Pay Advance Tax Online?
Advance taxes can be conveniently paid through the income tax department’s e-filing portal or authorized banks’ net banking services. Here’s a step-by-step guide:
- Visit the income tax department’s e-filing portal.
- Click on the ‘e-Pay Tax’ option.
- Select the appropriate tax payment option.
- Enter the required details and make the payment.
Alternatively, taxpayers can opt for offline advance tax payment by visiting designated banks and submitting the tax payment form along with the payment. The bank will issue a challan as proof of payment.
Instalment of Advance Tax Payment Due Date for FY 2023-24
For the financial year 2023-24, the due dates for advance tax payments are as follows:
- 15% of the tax liability by June 15, 2023
- 45% of the tax liability by September 15, 2023
- 75% of the tax liability by December 15, 2023
- 100% of the tax liability by March 15, 2024
People Working Under Presumptive Taxes
Taxpayers who calculate their tax under the presumptive tax scheme must pay the entire amount of advance tax in a single installment before the deadline of March 15th. Alternatively, they can pay the total tax liability by March 31st. Independent professionals like doctors, lawyers, architects, and other skilled professionals can opt for this program.
Advance Tax Payment Due Dates AY 2023-24
For the assessment year 2023-24, the due dates and tax slabs for advance tax payments are as follows:
|Advance Tax Due Date
|Tax to be Paid
|June 15th, 2023
|15% of tax liability
|September 15th, 2023
|45% of tax liability
|December 15th, 2023
|75% of tax liability
|March 15th, 2024
|100% of tax liability
Penalties Imposed on Non-payment of Advance Tax
Failure to pay advance tax can lead to penalties as per Section 234B. Delays and insufficient payments can result in penalties, and self-employed professionals and businessmen must pay advance tax when their tax payable, after reducing TDS, amounts to ₹10,000 or more.
The penalty is 1% of the assessed tax amount minus the advance tax paid. The penalty is rounded off to the nearest full month.
Advance tax payments hold immense importance for both individuals and companies. By fulfilling advance tax obligations, taxpayers can avoid penalties, manage their cash flows effectively, and prevent last-minute stress. Understanding the due dates, calculating tax liability accurately, and utilizing convenient payment methods are key to a successful advance tax payment process. Compliance with advance tax regulations ensures a smoother financial journey and contributes to the government’s ability to implement public policies and fulfill various obligations.